According to WHO, 63 per cent of injections in India are unsafe. Of this, nearly one third carry a risk of transmitting blood-borne viruses.
While 68.7% of injections at government health facilities were found to be unsafe, 59.9% were unsafe in private clinics and hospitals
An injection is classified as unsafe if it has the potential to transmit blood-borne viruses and/or is wrongly administered such that it can cause local infection and/or a reaction.
- The rural sector accounted for a higher percentage of unsafe injections -- 65.9% -- compared to urban areas where the proportion was 54.9%.
- Injection safety is higher with plastic syringes -- the odds of an injection being unsafe are 12 times higher with a glass syringe.
- Written guidelines for sterilisation are available at only 10.1% of all health facilities in the country.
- Over half the doctors and those who prescribe injections do not know the correct sterilisation process.
- Only 84.2% of government health facilities have sterilisation equipment.
- Only 76.9% immunisation centres and 57.7% of private clinics use sterilisation equipment.
- Over three-fourths or 75.9% of the available sterilisation equipment is functional.